Lupus is brought on when the body’s immune system attacks its own tissues and organs (autoimmune disease). Lupus-related inflammation can impact a variety of bodily functions, including your joints, skin, kidneys, blood cells, brain, heart, and lungs. Kidney failure is one of the main causes of death among lupus patients and can result in substantial kidney damage. the brain and the nerve system. You may encounter headaches, vertigo, behavioral changes, vision issues, strokes, or seizures if your brain is lupus-affected. Four Types of Lupus of it which causes different problems. Lupus affects our body differently ,here are some of the parts where lupus affects.
Pericarditis or pericardial effusion, altered valve function, myocarditis, rhythm disturbances (arrhythmias), and accelerated atherosclerosis are among the heart issues frequently linked to lupus. The most frequent cardiac lupus manifestation is pericarditis or pericardial effusion.
- Rapid heartbeat
- Shortness of breath
- Abnormal heart rhythms
- Valve abnormalities
When the kidney structures that filter waste are impacted by lupus autoantibodies, lupus nephritis develops. As a result, the kidneys become swollen, which can result in renal failure, high blood pressure, protein or blood in the urine, blood in the urine, or kidney inflammation.
- Urine with blood in it
- Thick urine (due to excess protein in urine)
- Elevated blood pressure
- Your hands, ankles, or feet swelling
- Elevated blood levels of the waste substance creatinine
When your immune system mistakenly assaults healthy skin cells, it can lead to skin lupus, an autoimmune condition that causes skin damage. As a result, the skin may become red, itchy, painful, and eventually scarred.
- Sensitivity to sunlight
Lupus may cause changes in the skin around the eyelids, dry eyes, inflammation of the eyeball’s white outer layer, changes in the blood vessels in the retina, and impairment to the nerves that regulate eye movement and vision, among other things.
- Dry eyes
- Optic neuritis
- Optic neuropathy
Lupus-related inflammation can have a variety of effects on the lungs, including damage to the diaphragm, the membrane lining of the lungs, the lungs themselves, and the blood vessels within the lungs.
Lupus most frequently affects the lung parenchyma, the covering that covers the outside of the lungs, causing inflammation. You may suffer a severe, frequently stabbing pain in a particular place or area of your chest as a symptom of pleurisy. When you take a deep breath, cough, sneeze, or laugh, the pain, which is referred to as pleurisy, gets worse. Breathing difficulties may also occur. A pleural effusion is the medical term for the abnormal accumulation of fluid that occasionally occurs between the lungs and the chest wall.
Pneumonitis is the medical word for lung tissue inflammation. Fever, chest pain, shortness of breath, and cough are all possible pneumonitis symptoms. The most frequent reason for pneumonitis is an infection brought on by a virus, bacterium, or fungus.
Persistent diffuse interstitial pulmonary disease
Scarring may result from persistent pulmonary inflammation. This scar tissue may develop diffuse interstitial lung disease by impeding the easy transfer of oxygen from your lungs to your blood. Chest pain, a persistent dry cough, and trouble breathing when exercising are some of the symptoms you could encounter.
Pneumo Embolisms are the medical term for blood clots that obstruct the arteries to the lungs. Chest pain and other symptoms are likely to be brought on by these blood clots.
Brain and central nervous system.
You may encounter headaches, vertigo, behavioral changes, vision issues, strokes, or seizures if your brain is lupus-affected. Memory issues and communication issues are common among lupus patients.
- Absence of vision
- Face ache
- Hearing changes or ringing in the ears
- Eyelids and face are sagging
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